The idea of the cognitive dissonance develops Freud`s ideas. The very mechanism that causes cognitive dissonance was called the It by Freud. Freud thought that the It is programmed in childhood, and it’s true. The It is programmed well and tightly in childhood and youth. But, as the modern psychologists since the physiologist Pavlov have proved, the It and the other conditioned reflexes can be programmed whenever and by whatever.
The essence of Freud's concept that the causes of all our problems lie in childhood intersects with the Christian concept of original sin and the mission of Jesus Christ to break the vicious circle of the fall, when the sins of parents are paid for by their children.
I agree with Freud about the negative nature of man and the formation in early childhood of a significant proportion of the personality. However, in a positive nature, plus in the course of life the power of the mind through the understanding and training he can change his identity.
Freud said that the main thing is sexuality, Adler argued with him that the main thing is the desire for power. And I'm telling you that sexuality and the pursuit of power are two facets of the same thing.
To teach a person to benefit from his negativity, to sublimate and transfer his desires into something useful, into the source of his movement. Such instruments of psychoanalysis as the method of free Association gives the joy of freedom of thought. Many people are mired in self-control, live as if in chains. All this brings misery, tension and pain. The freedom of joyful, blissful freedom of thought, man will find happiness and the realization of your true self. the Third and most important goal of psychoanalysis is to achieve a catharsis. Catharsis is the purification of the soul. Happy and easy on the soul when the soul is clean and fresh. In such an enlightened state, one thinks well, works well, learns well. When life is beautiful you yourself become fruitful and lucky.
Conversations with a psychoanalyst are invigorating, because you can talk about anything and it relieves internal tension, beneficially relieving neuroses, psychoses, fears and complexes... Speaking aloud allows you to better comprehend the problems and successfully solve them. To speak freely and frankly with relatives or just acquaintances is uncomfortable and dangerous... Many things friends and family do not need to know.
If you periodically fall into depression, apathy, laziness or despondency ...go see a shrink, he'll fix you. The psychoanalyst is useful, he knows how to put thoughts on shelves, to put things in order and a lot of other useful things.
The meaning of Freud's method of free Association is to free the mind of the neurotic, allowing him to enjoy freedom... to feel the joy and happiness of freedom. The mind, accustomed to iron chains of strict forms, sensing freedom acquires wings.
Freud's genius idea about the subconscious 'It' that rules a person and hardly depends on this person, should be explained and extended. It's rational to believe in the existence of both inner It and external It. The latter one is the so-called collective It typical of all pack animals.